QUALITY OF LIFE FOR PATIENTS UNDERWENT HYBRID CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING VS CONVENTIONAL CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING, A COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hani Barnawi1, Alwaleed Althobaiti2, Ahmed Elmahrouk1, Mohammad S. Shihata1, Nabeel Ismail1, Ahmed A. jamjoom1, Uthman Aluthman1.
1King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 2King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in developed countries, affecting not only the physical health but also psychological and social health as well. Standard set of evaluation has been used for the measurement of the health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) is a combination of balloon angioplasty and minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life in patients undergoing robotic-assisted hybrid coronary revascularization in King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center in Jeddah, and compare it with patients underwent conventional CABG, using the generic SF-36 questionnaire.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional comparative study that included 108 patients. 51 underwent robotic-assisted HCR, and 57 underwent conventional CABG. The questionnaire consisted of eight main domains which are: Physical functioning, Role limitations due to physical health, Role limitations due to emotional problems, Energy and fatigue, Emotional well-being, Social functioning, Pain and General health.
Results: For the main domain, three domains was statistically significant in favor of robotic-assisted HCR which are: role limitations due to emotional problems (p= .019), emotional well-being (p= .006), and general health (p= .034), meanwhile pain (p= .447), physical functioning (p= .087), energy and fatigue (p= .914), social functioning (p= .571), role limitations due no physical health (p= .594) were not statistically significant.
Conclusion: The health-related quality of life in patients after robotic assisted Hybrid coronary revascularization was significantly superior to conventional coronary artery bypass grafting in three main domains.
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